Article 51-A (g), says that “It shall be duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life and to have compassion for living creatures.”

In 30 years from now, we’ll be sharing Earth with another billion people. There is only one planet on which we can dwell. The world is rich in resources, some renewable and some not, but we have an ever-increasing population that puts all of these resources at risk.

Human activities have a direct impact on the climate, Human health, air quality, wildlife and a subsequent effect on all life. So, it is our responsibility as citizens to take care of everything and not taking it granted and with the thought that it will be useful for our future generations to come.

What exactly is Environment Conservation?

Environment conservationa topic we hear on radios, internet and read in everyday newspapers which is so common that we forget how important it is to take it seriously and follow.

It is our duty to protect our nature by protecting the vital resources by altering our daily life choices in a small way from our busy schedule will make a huge impact.

Conservation of environment simply refers the sustainable use as well as management of natural resources which includes wildlife, water, air and earth deposits in order to improve the quality of life for all living things. Natural resource conservation is generally focused on human needs and interests, for biological, economic, cultural, and recreational benefits.

Major and the most common environmental challenges faced by humans in contemporary period due to our own increased activities and over usage of resources are:

  1. Loss of wildlife habitat which in turn has led many wildlife species on the edge of extinction.
  2. Loss of forests which further increases the levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, increasing the greenhouse effect and further warming the planet. As an example, when buying wooden garden furniture always ensure its from renewable sources.
  3. Extreme exploitation of the natural resources, that prevents the natural systems from replenishing.
  4. Increased discharge of carbon dioxide, mainly by fossil fuel burning that contributes to the climate change.
  5. Increased production of synthetic materials as a substitute for the natural ones, with many being extremely toxic to the environment or/and taking centuries to decompose.

How to take a step towards conserving?

Buy Sustainable use of resources- Environmental sustainability involves fulfilling present demands without endangering future generations’ capacity to meet their own.  Opportunities to decrease waste generation and the use of harmful materials, to avoid soil, water, and air pollution, and to preserve and reuse resources as much as possible should be identified and taken advantage of

  • Indulge in carpooling to reduce the overuse of petrol, diesel and other gases.
  • Switch to CNG if possible.
  • Use water cautiously.
  • Avoid throwing plastic in rivers, ponds and soil.

The three R’s – REDUCE, RESUSE and RECYCLE:

To reduce is to cut down on what is produced and what we consume.

To reuse is to find ways to repurpose items which otherwise are designed to be discarded.

Recycling helps improves resources: Recycling of plastic, may lead to less usage of plastic to be manufactured and the recycling of paper may in turn decrease the need of deforestation and save trees.

Recycling saves energy- The use of industry for the manufacturing of chemical, industrial resources may require a large amount of energy, however by opting to recycling of goods may show a great decline in usage of energy unnecessary.

Recycling protects environment- Recycling reduces the need for raw material extraction (mine, quarrying, and logging), refining, and processing, all of which pollute the air and water. Recycling saves energy while also lowering greenhouse gas emissions, which aids in the fight against climate change.

Embracing alternative energy sources–  Renewable energy is considered clean energy since it doesn’t cause grave environmental pollution, and it has low or zero carbon and greenhouse emission. Sources of energy are-

Wind: This takes advantage of wind motion to generate electricity. Wind motion is brought about by the heat from the sun, and rotation of the earth.

Solar energy: works by trapping the heat from the sun to produce energy for the generation of electricity, heating, lighting homes and commercial buildings.

Hydropower: Utilizes moving water to produce electricity.

Biomass:  An organic matter that constitutes plants, which can be utilized to generate electricity, chemicals or fuels to power vehicles.

Ocean: The rising and falling of tides are taken as an advantage to generate electricity.

Geothermal: Leverages heat from underneath the earth to generate electricity.

It has both advantage and disadvantage however, the advantages outweigh in number to disadvantage, and also for future benefits.

Reuse over single use- The everyday use of plastic bottles, straws, bags are so high in number in our lives that we forget how much harm they can cause to the environment. We should adopt use of reusable bag and to make it a commitment to use it often as possible.

Fight Deforestation– We should pledge to plant some number of trees every year which may be a lifetime investment to the environment. By planting trees, we combat global warming, and for every tree cut a new plant is sown. And also recycle and reduce the wastage of paper use.

Wildlife Protection- Conservation of the environment safeguards wildlife and encourages biodiversity. The preservation of some animal species is aided by maintaining a healthy and functional habitat. Some creatures are driven out of their home when the ecosystem is damaged, making it difficult for them to live elsewhere.

To conserve the environment and reverse the threatening global warming, climate change, deforestation effects on whole world, it requires a global action to achieve a global effect. It is essential to create awareness among all people to keep the environment clean and pure.  As a result, it’s unclear what, if anything, future generations will find and how life will be for them if today’s resources are depleted.