Sleep is one of the most important factors of human lifestyle that plays a very important role to create or destroy your health and well-being. Getting enough amounts of sleep and at the right time will protect your mental health, physical health; improve quality of life and safety.

Maintaining healthy lifestyle

Proper functionality of the brain depends on how much and what quality of sleep do you get in your lifestyle. Your brain prepares for the next day when you are sleeping. While sleeping your brain helps you to maintain your growth hormones and help you to remember things that you have learned in that day. As a good amount of sleep improves your learning ability, whether it is mathematics, learning a piano, playing some kind of sports, sleep helps in enhancing the learning process.  It also helps you to be more creative. People who do not sleep well may have symptoms like having a short temperament, problem in paying attention to things, feeling more stressed in the same situation than others.

Improving physical health

Sleep has a vital role in maintain your physical health too. Sleeping helps your body to maintain a proper functionality of blood vessels and blood flow. It decreases the probability of occurring of diseases like cardiac attack, blockage of blood vessels, depression, muscle cramps and many more.

Sleep deficiency also increases the risk of obesity. Study reveals that each hour of sleep lost, showed many number of odds increasing of obesity. And this thing is not right for a particular age groups but it is true for all the age groups including children and teenagers too. We all know that the proper intake of food is also necessary for human beings as it is very important to get a particular amount of vitamins and minerals for the body functionality. Now the thing that maintains the proper order of feeling hungry at a proper time is “SLEEP”. Sleep is responsible for the proper release of hormones that make you feel hungry. It controls your blood sugar hormones too. Having improper amount of sleep can lead to the unbalancing of the hormones.  We do a lot of workout and burn thousands of calories in a day. Sleep also is responsible for the maintenance of the growth hormone and regenerating of the broken muscles.

 Sleep Deprivation and Deficiency

The amount of sleep you need depends on various factors like age, fatigue, health, diet etc.  Sleep varies from person to person and their lifestyle. This table shows recent American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) recommendations that the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has endorsed. 

Age Recommended Amount of Sleep
Infants aged 4-12 months 12-16 hours a day (including naps)
Children aged 1-2 years 11-14 hours a day (including naps)
Children aged 3-5 years 10-13 hours a day (including naps)
Children aged 6-12 years 9-12 hours a day
Teens aged 13-18 years 8-10 hours a day
Adults aged 18 years or older 7–8 hours a day

If you continuously loose or choose to sleep less than needed, the sleep loss adds up and can become hazardous to your health. The total sleep lost is called sleep debt. If you keep on inhabiting the bad habit of losing sleep then there will be continues addition in your sleep debt.

Some people nap as a way to deal with sleepiness. Naps may provide a kick boost in attention level and performance. However, napping cannot provide the benefits of the sleep which you have during night time. Hence, you can’t make up for the sleep you have lost.

Some people sleep more on holidays than sleeping in their normal working days. They also prefer to go to bed later after their bed time and sleeping beyond the time at they should be up.

Sleeping more on days off is clearly a sign that you are not getting sufficient sleep on your working days. Although extra sleep on days off might help you feel better, it can upset your body’s sleep balance.

Sleep Deprivation and deficiency

Sleep deficiency, which includes sleep deprivation, affects people of all ages, races, and ethnicities. Certain groups of people may be more likely to be sleeping deficient. Examples include people who:

Have limited time available for sleep, such as caregivers or people working long hours or more than one job

Have schedules that conflict with their internal body clocks, such as shift workers, first responders, teens who have early school schedules, or people who must travel for work

Make lifestyle choices that prevent them from getting enough sleep, such as taking medicine to stay awake, abusing alcohol or drugs, or not leaving enough time for sleep

Have undiagnosed or untreated medical problems, such as stress, anxiety, or sleep disorders

Have medical conditions or take medicines that interfere with sleep